The daily need for cloth, shelter, bread, water and air is well known truth of entire human race. One can afford to skip a meal, live under the tree for days and can manage with any type of cloth but to skip a breath is hardly impossible. That is why many scriptures on Yoga explain, “Breath is Life.” The normal day to day experience reveals that this breath can be delayed for a while or even for a longer period in case of Yoga masters but can not be stopped all together. Yoga Scriptures declare that this movement of breathing in and breathing out is much more than gaseous exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Therefore, it is important to know deeply and clearly about the breath, respiration and Vital force and Prāṇa in order to regulate life towards health, harmony and happiness. Prāṇāyāma practice had been practiced by Indians for thousands of years as the knowledge was passed through word to mouth by great Yoga masters. The ancient masters realized the powers behind Prāṇāyāma practice so much so that it had been incorporated into almost every rites and rituals of Indians. The tradition still continues as one or other forms of Prāṇāyāma is practiced by Priests during birth, marriage, death and other auspicious ceremonies. Prāṇāyāma is one of the most important practices of Hatha Yoga, Patañjali Yoga Sūtra and Tantra. Both Hatha and Patañjali Yoga Sūtra suggest the practice of Prāṇāyāma after the practitioner perfects in asanas. Prāṇāyāma is the fourth aspect of Aṣṭāṅga or eight part Yoga of Patañjali Yoga Sūtra.
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